Geology Division > R&D Division > KOREA INSTITUTE OF GEOSCIENCE AND MINERAL RESOURCES
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KOREA INSTITUTE OF GEOSCIENCE AND MINERAL RESOURCES
THE WORLD'S LEADING RESEARCH
INSTITUTE OF GEOSCIENCE

Geology Division

  • - Geological Research Center
  • - Earthquake Research Center
  • · Earthquake Monitoring & Response Team
  • - Center for Active Tectonics
  • - Center for HLW Geological Disposal

GEOLOGY
DIVISION

The mission of the Geology Division is to observe, collect, and manage various types of geological data that are essential for understanding geological phenomena and efficient use of natural resources. The Geologic Research Center produces geological maps and maintains up-to-date geological databases on the GIS platform, and studies tectonic evolution of the Korean Peninsula. The Division is also conducting basic R&D activities on earthquake related faults, paleoclimate and Geo-Ecosystem, volcanic magmatism, and planetary geology. The Earthquake Research Center operates a nationwide seismoacoustic network and collaborates with stations in the neighboring countries for monitoring seismic activity and artificial blast periods. The Research Center is further engaged in development of new technologies for early earthquake warning and seismic hazard monitoring

Geological Research Center

The Geological Research Center is engaged in publication of geological maps, tracking of geological and tectonic evolution of the major crustal units in the Korean Peninsula, quaternary geology and evaluation of quaternary tectonic movements (Baekdu Volcano). Currently, the Center is focused on R&D activities on reconstruction of quaternary climatic changes and establishing quaternary stratigraphy and geologic environments, volcanic magma systems, and geology and tectonic evolution of the Moon.evaluation and duties such as registration and tractability.

Main Activities
  • Publication of geological maps
  • Tracking of the tectonic evolution in the Korean Peninsula
  • Reconstruction of the quaternary sedimentary processes and paleoclimate
  • Tracking of the paleotempestological processes
  • Monitoring of the ongoing surface processes
  • Monitoring of the volcanic stratigraphy and investigation of rock properties of Baekdu Volcano
  • Development of the radiogenic isotope dating and geochemical analysis methods for planetary materials
  • Development of the techniques for interpreting gamma-ray, X-ray and LRS remote-sensing data to analyze lunar mineral resources
  • Basic petrological, mineralogical and geochemical research programs on Earth analogues of lunar rocks
Earthquake Research Center

The Earthquake Research Center (ERC) is actively engaged in research and development on natural and artificial earthquakes. ERC data and expertise helps government and communities work towards comprehensive preparedness against the earthquakes. ERC is also in charge of operation and maintenance of KIGAM's network of seismic and infrasound stations, including Wonju KSRS (Korea Seismic Research Station). Also, KISS (Korea Integrated Seismic System) is operated for the purpose of round-the-clock monitoring and data sharing on seismic activity in the Korean Peninsula. Recently, an integrated system for analyzing seismic, hydro-acoustic and infrasound signals, known as "SHI data fusion", was further built for the first time in Korea. Using this integrated seismic monitoring infrastructure, ERC performs assessment of seismic sources and seismic hazards responses, including the earthquake early warning system; strong motion simulation; focal mechanism solution; epicenter relocation; and seismic hazard estimation. Also, the Center, as Korea NDC (National Data Center) for CTBTO (Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Organization) to the UN, contributes to national security by monitoring and sharing information on nuclear tests.

Main Activities
  • Technology for seismic sources assessment and responding to seismic hazards based on the integrated Seismic Monitoring Infrastructure
  • Development of the Integrated Detection System for earthquakes using hydroacoustic, seismic, and infrasound methods
  • Operation of the Integrated Seismic Network and Artificial Explosion Detection System
  • Development of the advanced technology for monitoring and analysis infrastructure for early earthquake warning
  • National Data Center mission for CTBTO and monitoring of national security
Center for Active Tectonic

The main objective of the Center for Active Tectonics is to conduct fundamental research to increase understanding of intraplate earthquakes cycling. We investigate evolutional history of the major active fault systems and how they affect segment geometry and earthquake rupture processes. For this purpose, we use a variety of paleoseismological methods, including subsurface geophysical surveying, trenching, and quaternary dating. We also work on overcoming existing constraints such as low-slip rate, long recurrence time, and hidden fault geometry beneath young sediment deposits of the active faults. We enhance research capacity using advanced research techniques, collaboration with neighboring countries, and academic exchange programs.

Main Activities
  • Active tectonics around the Korean Peninsula
  • Mapping of the active faults and publication of fault strip maps
  • Development of the advanced methods for tracing active faults in the intraplate seismogenic zones
  • Paleoseismology, study on tectonic deformations in the subsurface
  • Investigation of segment geometry and earthquake cycle model on major active fault systems
Center for HLW Geological Disposal

The Center for HLW Geological Disposal focuses on securing the safety of geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste (HLW), involving comprehensive research of geological environment. We produce and verify nation-wide geoenvironmental maps, which can be used as a reference for site selection for HLW geological disposal, and are further involved in the development of procedures for investigation and evaluation of candidate sites. Yet another research area includes technology for conceptual design for the Underground Research Laboratory (URL).

Main Activities
  • Publications of nation-wide geoenvironmental maps
  • Verification system for geoenvironmental information
  • Establishment of investigation and evaluation procedures
  • Conceptual design for the Underground Research Laboratory (URL)
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